Running from god chapter 1 running to god chapter 2 running with god chapter 3 running ahead of god chapter 4. He was gods instrument to carry out gods will on earth. He was the son of amittai and was of gathhepher in galilee north of nazareth. Sep 12, 2017 the structure of the book of jonah the book of jonah has an interesting structure that might be described as mirror images, or book ends, or, more technically, a chiastic structure. Jonah 1 commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. Jonah did not want to go on this mission and attempted to flee to tarshish in spain. Jonah 1 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available, this commentary by albert barnes, a dedicated student of the bible, continues to be very popular even today. When we left jonah at the end of chapter one it is fair to say he was in a slightly sticky situation. Passing over the brief prophecy of obadiah, with its veiled reference to the messiah in saviours who will go up on mount zion, under the leadership of the jehovahsaviour, for the kingdom shall be the lords obadiah 1. The book of jonah relates how god told jonah to go to the major assyrian city of nineveh and there prophecy that after 40 days it would be overturned. Every chapter stepped through each verse of the book and provided a clear presentation of various view points throughout history as well as the authors own. A word list at the end explains words with a star by them. It tells of a hebrew prophet named jonah son of amittai who is sent by god to prophesy the destruction of nineveh but tries to escape the divine mission. This commentary explores the book of jonah, providing historical and literal context, interpretative insights, and practical application principles.
Set in the reign of jeroboam ii 786746 bc, it was probably written in the postexilic period, some time between the late 5th to early 4th century bc. Top 5 commentaries on the book of jonah ligonier ministries. Book of jonah overview insight for living ministries. But it displeased jonah exceedingly, and he became angry. The book of nachum speaks almost entirely of the sinful city of nineveh and its final destruction. Read jonah 4 commentary using matthew henry commentary on the whole bible complete. Best jonah commentaries updated for 2020 best bible. There are a number of helpful commentaries on jonah, and the following are five of the best. The book is replete with irony, wherein much of its humor lies. The word of the lord came to jonah and jonah refused. You can find the best commentary on jonah for you using the tools on the right side. I am currently writing commentary on the book of jonah. The books of joel, obadiah, jonah, and micah the new international commentary on the old testament by leslie c. The book of jonah is followed by michah micah, which in turn is followed by nachum.
How the rebirth of tribalism, populism, nationalism, and identity politics is destroying american democracy, as well as from his 2010 commentary piece what kind of socialist is barack obama. While jonah eventually did what he was asked to do, the book closes with showing jonah as a bitter man. In chapters 1 and 4, the prophet is rebelling against god. Jonah 1 commentary albert barnes notes on the whole bible. Through some supernatural events, god convinced him to obey and carry out the lords plan. Outline of the book of jonah one popular outline of jonah, which could be used in a sermon series, is. The prophetic significance of this book not only lies in the short message in nineveh but also in the entire history of jonah described in his book. So based on the date and message of the book of jonah, the view of this commentary is that jonah is the originator of the story, but it was passed down orally for several hundred years, being modified and changed over time, until it was eventually recorded by a later author who lived in judea during the postexilic time period, and was using the. The lord had given a specific great fish a new task swallow jonah. Commentary on the book of jonah relevant bible teaching. We left jonah in the belly of the fish, and had reason to think we should hear no more of him, that if he were not destroyed by the waters of the sea he would be consumed in the bowels of that leviathan, out of whose mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire, and whose breath kindles coals, job. F2 but, of course, such criticisms are apparently founded in ignorance of the truth that, this is a common formulary linking together revelations and histories. Aside from portions of the book of jeremiah and daniel, all of the other prophetic books focus primarily on the message of the prophet.
Determining date and authorship of jonah remains problematic, as explicit references do not exist within the narrative. Hugh martins commentary on jonah is a devotional commentary that not only meditates deeply on jonah the prophet, but also on how jonah is a type, parallel, and sign pointing to christ. The prophet jonah a dove is already mentioned in 2 kings 14. Nov 11, 2012 but god is not finished with jonah, as 1. Jonah s experiences form the main contents and purpose of the book. Jonah was the son of amittai, of gathhepher in zebulun called gittahhepher in jos 19. This essay builds on themes and ideas from his latest book, suicide of the west. Jonah 4 commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. This commentary has been through advanced theological checking. The witness of jonah max reich the messianic hope of israel.
An easyenglish 2800 word vocabulary commentary on the book of jonah. In all the book of god we scarcely find a servant of the lord and such a one we are sure jonah was, for the scripture calls him so so very much out of temper as he is here, so very. Commentary on the book of jonah jonah 1 1the word of the lord came to jonah the son of amittai saying, 2arise, go to nineveh the great city and cry against it, for their wickedness has come up before me. The name jonah means dove in hebrew, but jonahs character is anything but dovelike. The book of jonah, therefore, is a statement made through the wonderful medium of the story of jonah of gods compassion even of a pagan people like the ninevites who were enemies of the jews. This book of jonah, though it be placed here in the midst of the prophetical books of scripture, is yet rather a history than a prophecy. When he was in trouble, under the tokens of gods displeasure against him for sin.
Jonahs experiences form the main contents and purpose of the book. Jonah chapter 1 coffmans commentary of the new testament. Jonah 2 commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. But god brings his people through fire, and through water. The story of jonah and the whale the book of jonah. It does seem safe to conclude that this jonah is the same person as the jonah who is the subject of the book of jonah, especially since both are identified as the son of amittai 2 cp. Jonah with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. The book of jonah is a book of the neviim prophets in the hebrew bible. F2 but, of course, such criticisms are apparently founded in ignorance of the truth that, this is a common formulary linking together revelations. Jonah therefore is the only prophet of the ot revealing the grace of god towards the heathen.
The events recorded in the book probably covered only a few months or years at the most. Consequently, scholars must consider linguistic and historical factors to approximate such information. It is the custom in some communities to ask a stranger to offer a commentarycalled a dvar torah. This was strange, because usually the preacher is pleased when the congregation repents, but jonah wasnt. The whole commentary was very insightful with its picture of what god is saying in the book of jonah. Their wickedness, as that of nineveh, is a bold and open affront to god.
The discovery of him, and his disobedience, to be the cause of the storm v. T he book of jonah is an old testament story which tells about how the prophet jonah refused to follow the lord. The style of the book of jonah is distinctive among the prophetic books. Jonahs reluctance to bring that message mirrors the israelites equally stubborn disinterest in the relation of the assyrians to god. Study scripture verses with commentary, concordances, and use highlighting, underlining, take notes in the bible. Read jonah 1 commentary using matthew henry commentary on the whole bible complete. The pursuit and arrest of him for that disobedience by a storm, in which he was asleep v. We read nowhere in the book that jonah confessed his sin and received a new heart. The gospel according to jonah the gospel according to the old testament by bryan estelle. The book of jonah appears as one of twelve small books of scripture known as trei asar the twelve. It is particularly difficult to identify the central theme that unites all the elements of the story in the book of jonah into a literary and conceptual whole. But who then wrote the book and where do those intimate details of the story come from. Gods ministry to jonah chapter 4 the bible exposition commentary, cook communications, colorado springs, 2002, p. As the sections are completed, this is where they will get posted.
Title following the lead of the hebrew masoretic text mt, the title of the book is derived from the principal character, jonah meaning dove, the son of amittai 1. So if you are interested in studying jonah, bookmark this page, and check back soon. The book of jonah, written primarily in the third person, does not explicitly name the prophet as the author of his own account, but we have no reason to doubt either the inspiration or the historical veracity of the book. The prophecy of jonah to jeroboam conveys some important background material to enhance our understanding of this book.
The information presented covered context, dating, purpose, and interpretation of jonah. But the book of jonah is not meant to be a historical account. Jonah is commanded to go east to nineveh but flees toward the westernmost possible point, only to be swallowed by a great fish and dumped back at this starting point 2. Jonah lived during jeroboam iis reign over the northern kingdom of israel 793753 b. The broad variety of opinions on this subject from the talmudic sages through modem commentaries can be subsumed under four basic headings.
It shows that god has given these people repentance for life. And one of the synagogue readings for yom kippur is the book of jonah in hebrew, sefer yonah. Study the bible online using commentary on jonah 1 and more. Jonah goldberg holds the asness chair in applied liberty at the american enterprise institute. Many critics however want to lower the book of jonah to an allegory, a parable or a legend because of the miracles described in it especially the appearing of the great fish devouring jonah. Firstly the book of jonah is a proof of gods unlimited grace and mercy not only for his earthly people israel but also for the impious heathen city of nineveh. Listen to chuck swindolls overview of jonah in his audio message from the classic series gods masterwork. As the grace commentary on jonah is written, posts will be added to the chapters below. This meant according to the understanding of jonah that nineveh would be destroyed. All of nature obeys god in this book but a prophet of god does not. Verse 1 now the word of jehovah came unto jonah the son of amittai, saying, now enemies of this book do not hesitate to take the ax to the very first word in it, affirming that, jonah is a fragment, the continuation of a larger work. Aug 10, 2010 and one of the synagogue readings for yom kippur is the book of jonah in hebrew, sefer yonah. While there are a few chapters that are tangential to these two poles of martins focus, the work as a whole is deeply enlightening, thought provoking, and.1281 1195 438 1260 729 1627 1478 1240 1171 306 961 22 402 703 1607 338 1008 762 545 1463 199 1096 60 542 351 1457 569 552 683 1024 204 968 1085 952 1626 1190 261 455 973 692 444 18 1320 783 1215 545 1188